- Assume Phil exists.
- An omnibenevolent entity dislikes suffering.
- There is suffering in this universe.
- An omnipotent being does not have to do anything it would not want to do.
- From 2 and 3 we have that Phil does not like the suffering in this universe.
- From 4 we have that Phil did not have to create any universe with suffering.
- An omniscient entity would know the results of all of its actions before taking them.
- Thus, from 5 and 7, Phil would not want to create this universe.
- From 6 and 8, Phil would not create this universe.
- This universe exists.
- 9 and 10 form a contradiction. Therefore, our assumption must be wrong. Phil does not exist.
Next I'll take on a god that has the same ultimate goal as that of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Define Judy as having the same traits as Phil, with the addition that Judy has created a heaven, and Judy wants to populate it with people who would chose to do certain things in their lives, i.e. worship and obey Judy.
- Assume Judy exists.
- As shown in Proof I step 9, Judy would not wish to create a universe with suffering if she could avoid it.
- Judy could populate heaven as follows:
- create a computer model of the universe. (Judy creates an unimaginably powerful computer, and Judy writes an incomprehensibly complex simulation program.)
- simulate the souls and lives in the program.
- use the model to find out which souls would meet all criteria to go to heaven.
- create only the souls that would go to heaven.
- skip living. Place souls in heaven exactly as they would be as if they had lived.
- From 3 we see that Judy can have what she wants without creating suffering, and we know she doesn't want suffering from 2.
- From 4, Judy would not create this universe.
- This universe exists.
- 5 and 6 form a contradiction. Therefore, our assumption must be wrong. Judy does not exist.
If you still believe in a god by the end of these two proofs, then either (1) they haven't sunk in yet, (2) you don't believe them because you don't understand logic, (3) you don't think they apply to your god, or (4) see below. If (3) is the case, then your god cannot have all four of the traits: omniscience, omnipotence, omnibenevolence, creator of the universe. It can have some of these, but not all four. If you think your god has these traits, but didn't do what was described in Proof II step 3 because of some special limitations/circumstances/whims, then these limitations mean your god isn't omniscient, omnipotent and omnibenevolent, or your god didn't create the universe.
On the other hand, if (2) is the case, then I highly recommend that you learn logic. It is indispensable if things like the existence of god or problem-solving interest you. If you don't know which of these three categories you fit into, it's probably a mix of (1) and (2). Take a break, read up on logic, and then go back over these proofs in a few days.
(4) I have complete confidence in the truth and validity of these arguments. If you take issue with any of the premises or the logical steps, and you can demonstrate that you know the difference between truth and validity, then I encourage you to leave a comment.
You can also see a discussion of these proofs here.